Importance of Protecting Eyes From UV Damage

Importance of Protecting Eyes From UV Damage

Importance of Protecting Eyes From UV Damage

The sun releases radiation in different forms, including the light we see and the heat we feel. Sunlight also produces ultraviolet (UV) rays that are invisible. UV rays are harmful, and they can cause sunburn and damage the eyes and vision.


Wearing sunglasses and a hat can help protect your eyes against UV rays. They help filter light, preventing damage from UV radiation. Read on to find out more about the importance of protecting your eyes from UV damage. 


Damage to Ocular Structures


UV rays can cause damage to all the ocular structures, and these include the eyelids. Avoid outdoor activities when the sunlight is strongest between 11 a.m. and 3 p.m. It is vital to realize that an individual can get sunburn even on foggy days.

Sunglasses offer protection against UV light, so you should choose large, wraparound frames for the best protection. A wide-brimmed hat will also help.


UV Exposure and Decreased Vision


Prolonged exposure to UV rays can affect eye structures and lead to corneal damage, macular degeneration, and cataracts. These eye conditions can result in reduced vision or partial blindness.


Cataracts can make it difficult to perform daily activities. The damage is irreversible, and the only way to treat cataracts is through surgery. Protecting the eyes from UV damage will help keep your eyes healthy and your vision sharp.


Damage to Eyelid Skin

The skin on the eyelids is the thinnest in the entire body. UV damage can lead to dryness, sagging, wrinkles, skin furrows, and loss of elasticity. Many individuals develop mottled pigmentation due to sun exposure.

UV rays link to skin cancers, including cutaneous melanoma, basal cell carcinoma, and squamous cell carcinoma. Large framed sunglasses help protect the skin around the eyes.


UV Rays and Cancerous Growths

The front part of the eye absorbs the majority of UV radiation. Damage can lead to cancerous and noncancerous growths. Cornea damage can occur when snow or water reflects light.


Squamous cell carcinoma affects not just the skin around the eye but also the inner eye. It can affect the conjunctiva, the cornea, and the inner part of the eye. In some cases, the condition may necessitate the removal of the eye.


Damage to the Retina

Staring directly at the sun during an eclipse or at any other time can cause retina damage. It can result in permanently reduced vision. Avoid sun-gazing or any other activities that can damage the eyes. The two main types of UV rays are UVA and UVB. UVA rays can affect central vision, damaging the macula. UVB rays affect the cornea and the eye lens, causing even more damage than UVA rays.


It is essential to understand the dangers of exposure to UV rays. Eyewear that absorbs the rays offers the most protection. Photochromatic lenses, UV-blocking materials, and lens coatings can help provide eye protection.


Proper eye protection will help block UV rays from the sun and those reflected by the snow, water, and other surfaces. Everyone is at risk of harm from UV radiation, including children.


For more on protecting eyes from UV damage, contact Kopolow & Girisgen Doctors of Optometry at our Pearle Vision offices. You can call (702) 452-2020 today to schedule an appointment.

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