Macular degeneration is a disease that impacts the macula or central part of your retina. Your macula is responsible for providing sharp, central vision. Its deterioration can lead to a loss of vision in the center of the field of view. Macular degeneration is the top cause of blindness in older adults. Read on to learn more about macular degeneration symptoms.
One of the earliest and most common symptoms of macular degeneration is a gradual loss of central vision. The symptom means that objects may appear blurry or distorted, and reading may become difficult.
It can result from the deterioration of the macula, leading to a loss of the sharp, central vision it provides. This symptom may also cause trouble with tasks—especially those that require fine visual detail, such as threading a needle or reading small print.
As the condition progresses, it may be difficult to see fine details like small prints or intricate patterns. It can make it difficult to read, write, or complete other tasks that require fine visual detail. In advanced stages of macular degeneration, individuals may have difficulty recognizing faces or identifying objects.
Macular degeneration can cause a decrease in color vision, making it difficult to distinguish between colors. It can make it difficult to appreciate the beauty of nature, read traffic signals, or match clothing. In advanced stages, colors may appear faded or washed out.
As the condition progresses, a dark or empty area may appear in the center of an individual's field of vision. It can make it difficult to see fine details or perform tasks like reading, writing, or recognizing faces. All these tasks require using your central vision.
Individuals with macular degeneration may have difficulty adapting to low-light conditions, such as dimly lit rooms or nighttime driving. It can make it difficult to see in the dark and increases the risk of falls or accidents.
Straight lines may appear wavy or distorted in individuals with macular degeneration. It can make it difficult to read, write, or complete tasks that require straight lines, such as painting or building.
Visual acuity, or the ability to see fine details, may get reduced in individuals with macular degeneration. It can make it difficult to:
Complete tasks that require fine visual detail
In advanced stages of macular degeneration, visual acuity may get severely impacted, making it difficult to see at all
In severe cases, it may lead to blindness in the affected eye
It is important to note that macular degeneration typically affects both eyes, but the rate of vision loss and symptoms may vary between the two eyes. Regular eye exams are crucial to detect macular degeneration in its early stages, as early detection and treatment can slow the condition's progression and help preserve vision.
For more about macular degeneration, visit Kopolow & Girisgen Doctors of Optometry at our Pearle Vision or LensCrafters locations. Call 702-452-2020 or (702) 341-7254 to book an appointment today.